Teak is a tropical species, require a higher temperature. Vertical distribution prevalent in the high altitude of 700-800 meters below the hilly and plain. Department of hi light teak tree, the origin of the average annual temperature of 20 ℃ -27 ℃, the absolute temperature 2 ℃, annual precipitation 1100-3800 mm, wet and dry season significantly. Strong positive species, can grow in sandy shale, granite develop into the red soil and red earth, the hi rich, moist, fertile, well-drained soil. No frost in the low temperature (-1 ℃ -2 ℃), shallow root system, crown large, vulnerable to wind damage, planted in sheltered places. Teak grows fast, strong bud, coppice after cutting. Tree height up to 50 meters, diameter of 2.5 meters. Straight trunk. Branchlets four prism. Single leaf, interaction of students, leaves large, obovate, widely oval or circular. Flowers arranged in large panicles terminal or axillary, calyx bell-shaped, 5 to 6 short crack, the results of expansion, ovate or pot-shaped; fruit spherical, densely covered with rust-colored hair, hidden in the membranous calyx persistent.
Teak Wood Properties: teak with a gloss, to Myanmar for the best production, teak oil light, material and color uniformity, texture, straight. Teak structure, crude fiber, medium weight, shrinkage coefficient is extremely small, the shrinkage rate of dry gas from the raw materials to 2.2% radial, tangential 4.0%, the smallest coefficient of wood in a deformation, bending resistance is good, very wear-resistant, air-dry density 0.65g/cm3 (dry material weight of about 650 kg / m 3). Wet and dry in the sun and rain do not change the case of the larger Alice does not crack; water, fire and strong; resistant to termites and insects of different waters of the sea food, great decay. Good drying properties, adhesive, paint, wax performance, because silicon is easy blunt instrument, it is difficult to cut processing. Good nail holding power, good overall performance, it is recognized as valuable tree species in the world.
Teak Verbenaceae genus (Verbenaceae) distributed in Southeast Asia, some countries such as: (Myanmar, Indonesia, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, India) near the Yunnan border in China where there are some, including Thailand, Myanmar, the most famous of the wood Main imports from Burma.
Form: tall teak tropical hardwood trees, up to 39-45 meters, diameter about 1.5 meters. Bark brown or gray, four-prism branches, stellate hairs. Leaves opposite, great, oval or elliptic, densely greyish yellow stellate hairs on the back. Panicles vast, autumn flowering, flowers white, fragrant. The world’s precious timber species; teak leaves grated by hand, with blood red colored pollutants fingers and find it difficult to wash, or blood therefore called annatto tree. Optimum growth temperature: 43? 48 ℃ 2 ℃ moderate absolute maximum absolute minimum temperature.
Nature: a golden gloss teak, teak oil light, material and color uniformity, texture, straight. Bark thickness 0.5 ~ 1.0cm, soft, easy to peel. Gray-brown skin; easy to peel off small pieces. Endothelial reddish-brown; bast fiber development, lamellar arrangement. The obvious difference between heartwood and sapwood cross-section. Golden brown heartwood, with oil sexy. Yellowish-white sapwood width of 1.0cm. Clear growth rings, uneven. Teak structure, crude fiber, medium weight, shrinkage coefficient is extremely small, the shrinkage rate of dry gas from the raw materials to 2.2% radial, tangential 4.0%, the smallest coefficient of wood in a deformation, bending resistance is good, very wear-resistant, air-dry density of 0.58 ~ 0.67g/cm3. A greater change in the sun and rain wet warping cracking the case is not easy; water, fire and strong; resistant to termites and insects of different waters of the sea food, great decay. Good drying properties, adhesive, paint, wax performance, because silicon is easy blunt instrument, this process must wear a mask to prevent the silicon powder into the lungs causes silicosis, processing cutting difficult. Good nail holding power, good overall performance, it is recognized as valuable tree species in the world.
Uses: Teak is to create high-end furniture, flooring, interior decoration of the best materials. For shipbuilding, open-air buildings, bridges, etc., especially suitable for manufacture of the ship deck. A variety of chemical substances have strong corrosion resistance, it is desirable for wood products used in the chemical industry. Especially the use of the floor, decay, wear and shine bright as new, beautiful patterns, colors and elegant looking, good stability, small deformation, in fact, the floor of the best. Currently on the market mahogany furniture, teak is one of the system. As a rare precious teak leaves and large, excellent material, the value of capacity, at this stage in Guangdong and Fujian provinces have begun to be used for two street trees, green area, garden decoration, and all around green. It may even be a hedge commodity.
Features: Medium weight, easy to distort, waterproof, very decay. In European countries, teak is used to make the most luxurious yachts, TITANIC (Titanic) is to use teak laid deck, and it still looked very good today; on the centuries-old cathedral and ancient buildings have been teak flooring done. Teak is a precious, from growth to become useful by at least 50 years in the natural environment, the best place of origin, only 1 to 5 acre tree. It also contains a very heavy oil, this oil to keep it the same type, and with a special flavor that can drive snakes, insects, rats and ants. More amazing is that it’s planing surface oxide color is made by photosynthesis golden color with time and more beautiful.
Known as the “million trees of the King”, in Myanmar known as “David.”